Along with the artistry of weavers, the Indian handloom industry demonstrates the richness and diversity of Indian culture. With over 4.3 million people directly and indirectly involved in the production, the handloom industry is the second-largest employment provider for the rural population in India after agriculture. Indian handloom products are known for their unique designs and finesse. The trend is to mix old designs with new techniques and create original products. Handicraft is about processing materials by hand with hand tools. The results can be helpful things or decorative things. The materials utilized in the product are natural, industrially processed or may be recycled. The models of the product are ancient, revised traditional or fashionable. Handicraft is deeply frozen in society and contributes to preserving and sending traditions. In their product, crafters transfer an area of their cultural heritage in ideas, forms, materials and work ways, similarly as their own values, philosophy of life, fashion and self-image.
The median annual wage for craft and fine artists is $48,780. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $20,820, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $99,670. Median annual wages for craft and fine artists are as follows: Artists and related workers, all other $61,360 Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators 50,790 Craft artists 33,440 The median annual wages for craft and fine artists in the top industries in which they work are as follows: The federal government, excluding postal service $80,070 Motion picture and sound recording industries 61,740 Personal care services 48,250 Independent artists, writers, and performers 37,700 Earnings for self-employed artists vary widely. Some charge only a nominal fee while they gain experience and build a reputation for their work. Those artists who are well established can earn more than salaried artists. Most craft and fine artists work full time, although part-time and variable work schedules are also common. In addition to pursuing their work as an artist, many hold another job because it may be difficult to rely solely on income earned from selling paintings or other works of art. During busy periods, artists may work long hours to meet deadlines. Nearly every industry in the US has felt the effects of globalization, growth of imports, and new developments in technology, but few as acutely as the fashion and textile design fields. Although the two fields are closely related, they are very different, but both are responsible for providing consumers with a number of products. Textile mills manufacture thread, yarn, and fabric for clothing, but also for carpet, upholstery, wall coverings, etc. Designers are responsible for the patterns on these fabrics. In the near future, employment in the textile design field is expected to see slight employment gain, especially in the design of patterns for carpets and rugs, and other miscellaneous fabricated textile products. This is good news for textile designers just entering the field who wish to work in these areas. Textile mills are also expected to see steady growth as they continue to stay at the forefront of technology and invest in research into new ways to lower cost without lowering quality. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) does not report any employment data for textile designers. However, the fashion design and textile design fields are intertwined, and the BLS does show slower than average growth of only three percent in the fashion design field between 2014 and 2024. Salary expectations will vary greatly depending on education, geographic location, industry, and experience. Pay also varies depending on the reputation of the designer, with individuals who have many years of experience and a stellar reputation in the industry making much more. And, successful independent designers can make many times the salary of the highest-paid salaried employee. That said, the median annual salary for fashion designers in 2017 was $67,420. The highest ten percent of fashion designers made well over $125,000 per year. Textile designers usually work a regular workweek. However, they may work overtime to meet a deadline, for travel, or if presenting at a trade show. Most of the time they work in an office or studio and will spend some time on the floor of a factory overseeing the production process. They will work in a variety of positions, including colorist, fabric engineer, designer, and stylists, and are employed as in-house designers by apparel manufacturers, product developers, interior designers, in the automotive industry, and home furnishing companies, as well as in many other textile-related industries. Designers will meet with and discuss the needs of customers and employers to understand what is required in any design, how the textile will be used, and what properties, such as weight, performance, flammability, and strength are needed. Once they have selected the textile, they will produce design ideas and samples for presentation to the customer. They must work within a budget and meet deadlines, all the while keeping up with current trends and production techniques. They will research new fabrics and new design techniques, as well as continually learn new design software and production processes. It’s not uncommon for textile designers to travel as part of their job, sometimes overseas to meet with suppliers of materials and manufacturers who may produce the final product.
International Institute of Fashion Technology - [IIFT], New Delhi, Delhi
Indian Institute of Handloom Technology, Janjgir
Indian Institute of Handloom Technology, Varanasi
Government Institute of Textile Technology, Guntur
Government Polytechnic for Women, Guntur
Asian Polytechnic, New Delhi
The Apparel Training and Design Centre (Sponsored by Apparel Export Promotion Council), New Delhi
National Academy of Fashion Technology (NAFT), New Delhi
Diploma in Handloom and Textile Technology
Diploma in Textile Technology
Bachelor of Design (B.Des.)
M.Sc. Textiles and Clothing
Overall employment of craft and fine artists is projected to grow 8 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth for artists depends in large part on the overall state of the economy and whether people are willing to spend money on art because people usually make art purchases when they can afford to spend the money. During good economic times, people and businesses are interested in buying more artwork; during economic downturns, they generally buy less. However, there is always some demand for art by private collectors and museums. Job growth for craft and fine artists may be limited by the sale of inexpensive, machine-produced items designed to look like handmade American crafts. A continued interest in locally made products and crafted goods will likely offset some of these employment losses. Illustrators and cartoonists who work in publishing may see their job opportunities decline as traditional print publications lose ground to other media forms. However, new opportunities are expected to rise as the number of electronic magazines and other Internet-based publications continue to grow. Job Prospects for Craft and Fine Artists Competition for jobs as craft and fine artists is expected to be strong because there are more qualified candidates than available jobs. Competition is likely to grow among independent or self-employed artists, given that many of them sell their work in the same online marketplaces. In addition, competition among artists for the privilege of having their work shown in galleries is expected to remain intense. Because the demand for artwork depends on consumers having extra income to spend, many of these artists will find that their income changes alongside the overall economy. Only the most successful craft and fine artists receive major commissions for their work. Despite the competition, studios, galleries, and individual clients are always on the lookout for artists who display outstanding talent, creativity, and style. Talented individuals who have developed a mastery of artistic techniques and marketing skills are likely to have the best job prospects. Employment projections data for Craft and Fine Artists, 2016-26 Occupational Title Employment, 2016 Projected Employment, 2026 Change, 2016-26 Percent Numeric Craft and fine artists 53,400 57,500 8 4,100 Craft artists 12,500 13,300 6 800 Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators 28,000 30,400 9 2,400 Artists and related workers, all other 12,800 13,700 7 900