Wine - an alternative to alcoholic drinks has come to occupy a dominant position with changing urban lifestyle. It is not so simple and easy to make a perfect blend of wine. Only those who have a pure love for wine can excel in this field as it involves a lot of hard work. Some talent, experimentation and a little luck are required to create great tasting wine.
The most course curriculum is designed to give students a global vision of the wine industry and give training in viticulture and enology, project management in the wine industry, international wine environment, wine tourism, strategic brand management, finance, and legal rules, sales and negotiation in the wine industry. The remuneration of winemakers varies depending on one's qualification, experience, position, and organization. A winemaker/ Oenologist can begin his career with a starting salary of Rs. 20,000/- per month. Experienced winemakers can earn a salary between Rs 40,000 - Rs 60,000 per month. The chief winemaker can receive Rs. 70,000 per month. Vineyard managers with experience can get even over Rs 1.5 lakhs per month.
Degree in science preferably with a background in biochemistry, horticulture, agriculture, food sciences, chemistry, biotechnology or microbiology
B.Sc. Wine Technology
Diploma in Fruit Processing and Wine Technology
Post Graduate Diploma in Fermentation, Distillery and Wine Technology
M.Sc. Wine Brewing and Alcohol Technology
Wines and Spirits Course
In this industry, work involves taking decisions and managing the process of winemaking at various stages right from growing grapes to packaging wine in bottles. It involves visiting vineyards for grape berry sampling, assessing the maturity of grapes, and deciding harvest dates. A winemaker is required to carry out laboratory analyses to check sugar levels, acidity, and post-fermentation alcohol levels. He also needs to plan harvest activities and taste grape juice at the winepress etc. The main responsibility of an Oenologist is supervising and managing the different stages of wine production or winemaking process. After harvest, they take the grapes into a winery and blend together the different varieties of grapes to create finished wine. They direct the grape crushing process and when the pulp is formed after crushing, add ingredients such as yeast, sulfites, and sugar and then heat the must to activate fermentation. Based on wine's chemical composition, oenologists decide when a wine can be blended and bottled. Oenologist also supervises laboratory technicians, who analyze samples of wine while it ages. They direct and manage the work of cellar assistants, who operate and maintain the various machines utilized during winemaking. They also recruit, supervise, manage and train winery workers involved in the production and harvesting of grapes, give guided tours, conduct tasting and advise visitors about various aspects of wine and grapes, keep records of techniques used and harvest outcomes for each season, composing copy for wine bottle labels, developing new vineyards and selling to distributors and customers. Viticulturists also do more or less similar work as Oenologists. Viticulturists spend a lot of time outdoors in vineyards but also work indoors in laboratories, offices, and grape processing facilities. Various career paths in this industry involve: Vineyard Management/ Vineyard Manager: Vineyard manager is responsible for managing a vineyard or winery. Their work involves selecting suitable crop varieties; supervise planting, assessing the maturity of grapes, irrigation, pest control, pruning, and picking. As they discharge administration duties they should also prepare budgets and hire and train employees. People with B.Sc/M.Sc in Agriculture or a degree in Oenology (winemaking) or viticulture (cultivation of grapes) are eligible for this position. Researcher: Interested persons can do research work by studying new varieties of grapes and their suitability for different regions, fencing and harvesting practices, and disease control. Wine Cellar Management/ Cellar Manager: Cellar manager is the person who manages winemaking equipment such as tanks, barrels, gases, bottles that are used in the winery. They work closely with Oenologists to produce wines in accordance with their prescription and specifications. Cellar assistant with graduation and experience can advance to Oenologist. Wine Taster/ Sommelier - After the wine is produced and is ready for bottling, the muster should pass to professional tasters. Wine tasters need to have perpetual passion for wines and possess a thorough knowledge of wine and its flavor, sensibility to differentiate between different varieties of wines. They usually describe wines to visitors, buyers, and distributors. Sales and Marketing: One can start their career as sales representative spending their day by running around to numerous restaurants, meeting wine directors and sommeliers and also taking orders from the distributors and wineries. In small wineries, sales representatives play the role of marketing director, who is involved in designing and developing marketing materials and selling wines. The marketing director also does research work by visiting different wineries, hotels, and restaurants. They travel and attend wine events and meet lots of interesting people. Those who have relationships with foreign wineries and winemakers can become an importer/ exporter of wines. One can also become a distributor of wines by purchasing it from different vineyards, warehouse and then ship them to the end-users, such as wine shops, restaurants, and hotels. Opportunities are available in almost every Indian wine company for skilled professionals, with a thorough knowledge of different types of wines. There are about 70 small and big wineries in India with most of them based in Maharashtra. One can start their career as a winemaker by joining as an assistant, helping the winemakers in wine production or as a trainee in a vineyard/ winemaking industry under the supervision of a senior winemaker. The training will help one to gain knowledge and skills in the art of blending. After training, a graduate can progress to an assistant winemaker, associate winemaker and then chief winemaker. One can also develop new wines and can become an independent winemaker by running their own winemaking business. But for becoming an independent winemaker, there is a long process of learning. Besides these, other career paths exist are in the fields of writing, training and wine education. Wine writers are required to taste wine and write reviews about it and wine educator can find employment in the teaching field. Experienced hands in the winemaking industry, recommend fresh graduates to work abroad for about three to five years for getting exposure and experience in this field.